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Journal Article:

Author(s) :

 

Katz, J. S. & Martin, B. R.

Date of Publication :

 

1997

Article Title :

 

What is research collaboration?

Journal Title :

 

Research Policy

Volume ID :

 

26(1)

Pages(s) :

 

1-18

Abstract :

 

Although there have been many previous studies of research collaboration, comparatively little attention has been given to the concept of `collaboration' or to the adequacy of attempting to measure it through co-authorship. In this paper, we distinguish between collaboration at different levels and show that inter-institutional and international collaboration need not necessarily involve inter-individual collaboration. We also show that co-authorship is no more than a partial indicator of collaboration. Lastly, we argue for a more symmetrical approach in comparing the costs of collaboration with the undoubted benefits when considering policies towards research collaboration.

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