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Journal Article:

Author(s) :

 

Foray, D. & Steinmueller, E. E.

Date of Publication :

 

2003

Article Title :

 

On the economics of R&D and technological collaborations: Insights and results from the project COLLINE

Journal Title :

 

Economics of Innovation and New Technology

Volume ID :

 

12(1)

Pages(s) :

 

77-91

Abstract :

 

Research collaborations involve co-production and exchange of knowledge across organisational boundaries. They involve governance of intellectual property rights and partners' use of collectively produced knowledge. The principal findings arise from case studies of consortia governance in biotechnology and software and substantial variety in arrangements is identified. This variety may be explained by the appropriability of knowledge in particular research domains as well as by the nature of the knowledge generated. Consequences of governance rules are explored for European research consortia and for collective standards making activities. The analysis indicates several policy conclusions: government policy has an important role in overcoming market failures in consortia formation; adoption of any uniform intellectual property rights model for consortia would be likely to reduce research productivity; policies aimed at stimulating consortia formation must take account of the nature of knowledge that is to be exchanged.

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