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Name of Collaboratory :

 

Cochrane Collaboration

 
 

Logo :

   
 
 

URL :

  http://www.cochrane.org/  
 

Collaboratory Status :

 
Operational   Start Date : 1993 End Date : Info Last Updated : Tue, Dec 7 2010 3:01pm PST
 
 

Primary Collaboratory Function :

  Community Data Systems  
 

Secondary Collaboratory Functions :

  Virtual Community of Practice, Distributed Research Center  
 

Domain(s) :

  Evidence Based Medicine, Healthcare  
 

Brief Description of the Collaboratory :

 

The Cochrane Collaboration, established in 1993, is an international network of people helping healthcare providers, policy makers, patients, their advocates and carers, make well-informed decisions about human health care by preparing, updating and promoting the accessibility of Cochrane Reviews – over 4,500 so far, published online in The Cochrane Library.

Cochrane Reviews are both produced by, and are relevant to, everyone interested in the effects of health care. Based on the best available evidence, healthcare providers can decide if they should fund production of a particular drug. Practitioners can find out if an intervention is effective in a specific clinical context. Patients and other healthcare consumers can assess the potential risks and benefits of their treatment.

The Cochrane Collaboration’s contributors are a mix of volunteers and paid staff who are affiliated to the organisation through Cochrane entities: healthcare subject-related review groups, thematic networks - called 'fields' -, groups concerned with the methodology of systematic reviews, and regional centres.

Their contributors and entities are based all around the world and the majority of their work is carried out online. Each entity is a ‘mini-organisation’ in itself, with its own funding, website and workload. Contributors affiliate themselves to an entity, or in some cases several entities, based on their interests, expertise and/or geographical location.

The Collaboration is registered as a charity in the United Kingdom. To tie the organisation together, they have a number of overarching structures, led by the Steering Group, which provides policy and strategic leadership for the organisation. Members of this group are democratically elected from, and by, their contributors. They also have a Secretariat, based in Oxford, UK, which supports the work of the Steering Group and the Collaboration’s entities, led by the Chief Executive Officer of the Collaboration; and an Cochrane Editorial Unit, based in London, UK, which supports Cochrane Review production, led by the Editor in Chief of The Cochrane Library.

In addition to their core mission of producing Cochrane Reviews, their contributors are involved in a number of related activities, including advocacy for evidence-based decision-making, providing training in Cochrane Review preparation, developing the methodology for preparing reviews, and translating them from English into a variety of different languages.

They are an independent, not-for-profit organisation, funded by a variety of sources including governments, universities, hospital trusts, charities and personal donations. The Cochrane Collaboration’s funding model reflects the international and dispersed nature of the organisation. While their core income (income paid directly to the Collaboration and used to sustain its information management system, research programmes, website etc) comes principally from the proceeds of The Cochrane Library and other Cochrane products, their entities are supported by national governments, international governmental and non-governmental organisations, universities, hospitals, private foundations, and personal donations. They are not permitted to accept funding from commercial organisations such as pharmaceutical companies. This is to ensure that the conclusions of Cochrane Reviews are not influenced by commercial interests.

In January 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) awarded the Collaboration a seat on the World Health Assembly, allowing them to provide input on WHO health resolutions.

There are more than 28,000 people working within The Cochrane Collaboration in over 100 countries (as of June 2010), half of whom are authors of Cochrane Reviews. The number of people has increased by about 20% every year for the last five years. The increase in the number of contributors from low, lower-middle and upper-middle income countries has been even greater, to more than 1000 (9.3%) in 2004 - up by 42% since 2003, and by 248% since 2000.

The members of The Cochrane Collaboration are organised into groups, known as 'entities', of which there are five different types: Cochrane Review Groups (prepare, maintain and update Cochrane Reviews), Cochrane Centres (support people in their geographic and linguistic area), Methods Groups (develop the methodology of Cochrane Reviews), Fields (focus on dimensions of health care other than specific health problems, such as the setting of care or the type of intervention), and The Consumer Network (provides information and a forum for networking among consumers and a liaison point for consumer groups around the world.)


******PREVIOUS*******

The goal of the Cochrane Collaboration, and evidence-based healthcare in general, is to make relevant research available to practitioners in a form that they can use. Cochrane publishes reviews of clinical trials, both published and unpublished, in a standard format. These reviews--which cover topics such as lung cancer, oral health, pregnancy and childbirth, and musculoskeletal injuries--are published and open for comment by users. Some reviews are written by Cochrane staff, others by volunteer contributors. As of 2004 Cochrane had published over 1700 reviews, and had 10,000 active participants.

Subscriptions to full Cochrane content is available for a fee through John Wiley & Sons. This subscription gives access several interactive databases which publish trials, research, and systematic reviews of healthcare interventions. Several countries have nationwide site licenses to Cochrane databases. Abstracts can be browsed and searched without a fee.

The Cochrane Library is the major product of activity in the organization. It contains the Database of Systematic Reviews-which aggregates protocols and reviews of healthcare interventions where practitioners and researchers share their experiences, studies, and data in a formal and moderated space. Reviews are created and structured (according to clearly defined methods) with a locally developed open-source tool called RevMan. Comment and criticism of published reviews are encouraged. Volunteer moderators manage the publication and annotation of reviews according to the Cochran 'house rules'. Often, original authors revise or defend their reviews based on comment from other users. All reviews are mandated to be updated every two years.

The Cochrane organization holds non-profit status in the UK (where it was founded by Iain Chalmersís Oxford database of Perinatal Trials) and supports several staffed regional centers throughout the world. These centers provide language and region specific coordination and training to Cochrane participants and serve as the main contact point for the general public. In addition to regional centers, several other groups share management and administrative tasks of the collaboration. These groups and their responsibilities are:
Collaborative Review: Produce Cochrane Reviews
Steering: Monitor performance and set policies and procedures for the organization
Methods: provide support in the development of systematic reviews
Fields/Networks: identify health issues of importance
Consumer: work to ensure involvement of consumers
Ombudsmen and Publication Arbitrator: help to negotiate and resolve conflicts in the organization
In addition to membership in a group, participants may also contribute as an editor, handsearcher (searching through medical journals for accounts of controlled trials which are not yet indexed in major electronic databases like Medline), or translator. All participation, with the exception of staff at Regional Centers, is voluntary.


 
 

Access to Instruments :

  Reviews are written with RevMan software, an open source tool developed by the Nordic Cochrane Center with local grants. Support is fee based. RevMan provides the structure of a review and integrates well with MS Office's export/import capabilities.

The Cochrane Library displays and stores comments and criticisms submitted in response to systematic reviews. These comments are moderated and comments must conform with published house rules.

 
 

Access to Information Resources :

  The main output of The Cochrane Collaboration, Cochrane Reviews, is contained in The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, published electronically by John Wiley and Sons as part of The Cochrane Library. The Cochrane Library is a collection of high quality evidence-based healthcare databases, providing instant access to over 2000 full text articles reviewing the effects of healthcare interventions. It is published every three months with new and updated Cochrane Reviews, and is available by subscription, on the Internet and CD-ROM. An increasing number of countries have a national subscription to The Cochrane Library, which allows everyone in those countries to access The Cochrane Library for free. Abstracts of Cochrane Reviews are freely available to everyone on the Internet. The Cochrane Library provides links to MEDLINE abstracts and the ISI Web of Science, and from references in Cochrane Reviews to journal articles cited within them. Besides Cochrane Reviews, The Cochrane Library contains a number of additional databases: Specialist subsets of Cochrane Reviews, Versions of Cochrane Reviews in languages other than English, and Cochrane methodology reviews.



*******PREVIOUS*******

Cochrane publishes these databases:
The Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects
The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)
The Cochrane Methodology Register
The NHS Economic Evaluation Database
Health Technology Assessment Database
Cochrane Database of Methodology Reviews (CDMR)

Cochrane Libray offers information and study/trial reviews in several languages. Access to the full text database is mandated by subscription. Browsing and searching of abstracts is available for free. Nationwide site agreements have been negotiated with Australia, England, Finland, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Norway, and Wales.
 
 

Access to People as Resources :

  They hold annual conferences, known as ‘Colloquia’, which are open to everyone. Colloquia are designed to bring people together in one place to discuss, develop and promote their work, and to shape the organisation’s future direction.


****PREVIOUS*****

Active communication between groups via moderated email lists, direct email, local region staffed centers, meetings, and regional training workshops (ex. US-2004 Summer Institute on Evidence Based Practice). Once a year, worldwide participants meet for the Cochrane Colloquium. Center directors also have mid-year meetings. 2004 US is April 1-2 in Providence, RI.

In addition, there is a directory of contact details for all participants.

 
 

Funding Agency or Sponsor :

 
Age Related Diseases and Health Trust (ART)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Agnes og Poul Friis' Fond
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
Alzheimers Association
American College of Gastroenterology (ACG)
Assistance Publique, Hôpitaux de Paris
Australian Department of Health and Aged Care
Belgium Federal Public Service of Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment
Blue Shield of California Foundation
Cabrini Health Australia
Cabrini Institute
Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH)
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Canadian Ministry of Health
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
University of Nottingham
Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology
Centro Rosarino de Estudios Perinatales (CREP)
Child Cancer Foundation - New Zealand
Christian Medical College, Vellore
CIBER de Epidemiologia y Salud Publica (CIBERESP)
Copenhagen University Hospital - Rigshospitalet
Department of Health (UK) (DOH)
Department of Health - South Africa
Deutsche Krebshilfe
Dutch College of General Practitioners (Nederlands Huisartsen Genootschap) (NHG)
Dutch Health Insurance Council
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM)
Effective Healthcare Research Consortium
Emilia Romagna Health Care Agency
European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP)
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
European Union (EU)
Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
Federal Ministry of Health (Germany)
Federal Ministry of Health - Nigeria
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH)
Foundation of the Carlo Besta Neurological Institute, IRCCS
French National Authority for Health / Haute Autorité de santé (HAS)
Fundacion Sanitas
Health Canada
Health Insurance Foundation (Helsefonden)
Health Research Board - Ireland (HRB)
Health Technolgoy Board for Scotland
Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf
Hong Kong Hospital Authority
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau
Hospital Galeazzi
HRB Centre for Primary Care Research
ICICI Centre for Child Health and Nutrition (ICCHN)
Indian Council of Medical Research
Inserm
Institute de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII)
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG)
Institute for Work and Health - Canada (IWH)
International Health Central American Institute (IHCAI)
International Health Central American Institute - Costa Rica (IHCAI)
Italian Drug Agency (AIFA)
Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI)
KiKa Kinderen Kanker Vrij
Knowledge Translation Canada (KT Canada)
Lausanne University Hospital, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine
L’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique
Leiden University
Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC)
Loyalis Pension Fund
MAPI Institute
Mario Negri Institute
McMaster University
Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research
Milbank Foundation (USA)
Ministère de la Santé et des Sports (France)
Ministry of Health (Italy)
Ministry of Health - Bahrain
Ministry of Health - Brazil
Ministry of Health - New Zealand
Ministry of Health - Spain
Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport - Netherlands
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health - Finland
Minnesota Veterans Medical Research and Education Foundation (MNVets)
Monash University
Multiple Sclerosis Research Australia (MSRA)
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
United States Department of Health and Human Services
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
National Institue of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
National Eye Institute
National Institute for Clinical Excellence - UK (NICE)
National Institutes of Health - Italy (ISS)
Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research (NIVEL)
Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw)
New Zealand Guidelines Group (NZGG)
Newcastle University
Nordic Council of Ministers
Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad)
Norwegian Directorate of Health
Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC)
Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation (NSHRF)
University of Oxford
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine (Oxford)
Nuffield Foundation
Ontario Ministry of Health
Queens University Belfast
Research Association of Effective Health Assistance (AREAS)
Research Council of Norway
Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy (Koninklijk Nederlands Genootschap Fysiotherapie) (KNGF)
Safe Work Australia
University of Split
School of Medicine (University of Split)
University of East Anglia
School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice (University of East Anglia)
Chinese University of Hong Kong
School of Public Health and Primary Care - Chinese University of Hong Kong
Societa Italiana di Neurologia - Italy (SIN)
South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC)
Thailand Research Fund (TRF)
UK Department for International Development (DFID)
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Teaching Hospital (UNIFESP)
Université Paris Descartes
Universitetet I Oslo
University of Birmingham
University of Cologne
University of Milan
University of New South Wales (UNSW)
University of Sydney
Update Software
VicHealth
Victorian Department of Health
Voluntary Association for Multiple Sclerosis
Sichuan University
West China Hospital, Sichuan University
World Health Organization
 
 
 

Notes on Funding Agencies/Sponsors:
Funding is bottom-up. Individual studies and reviews are funded by their authors, not by Cochrane. Many studies are funded through the NIH, or other national/international health organizations. There are co-publishing agreements with many journals. Any funding from a commercial entity that may pose a conflict of interest (i.e. pharmaceutical or medical device company) must be declared. Cochrane is considering accepting funds from for-profit corporations. There is intense debate about this. Cochrane awards small grants from a discretionary fund that mainly go toward software development and documentation. The funding agencies listed above have funded local conferences or specific infrastructure building projects.

In addition to the funders listed above, there is also:
Bruce and Sue Shepherd
Various anonymous donations
Various stipends and scholarships to fund doctoral students in the Collaboration’s entities

 
 
 
Organizations with Un-Funded Participants:
 
Organization name:
Approx # of participants:
Description of organization's role(s):
University of Amsterdam
Academic Medical Center (University of Amsterdam)
16
Dutch Cochrane Centre; Childrens Cancer Group; Prognosis Methods Group; Screening and Diagnostic Tests Methods Group
University of Bristol
   School of Social and Community Medicine (University of Bristol)
Academic Unit of Psychiatry (Bristol)
1
Comparing Multiple Interventions Methods Group
Tata Memorial Hospital
Advanced Centre for Treatment, Education and Research in Cancer (ACTREC)
1
South Asian Cochrane Centre
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
1
Haematological Malignancies Group
Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics (University of Freiburg)
1
Prognosis Methods Group
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
1
South Asian Cochrane Network & Centre Steering Group; Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group and Stroke Group
Asociación Cardiovascular Centroccidental
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
University of Adelaide
School of Medical Sciences (University of Adelaide)
2
Drugs and Alcohol Group; Skin Group
Australian Research Centre for Health of Women and Babies (ARCH)
4
Pregnancy and Childbirth Group
Bangor University
1
Qualitative Research Methods Group
Beijing Medical University (BJMU)
1
Drugs and Alcohol Group
Belgian Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBAM)
23
Belgian Branch of the Dutch Cochrane Centre
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
1
Skin Group
BMA Medical College and Vajira Hospital
1
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Bristol University
14
Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group; Prognosis Methods Group
Bristol Heart Institute
1
Non-Randomised Studies Methods Group
British Columbia Cancer Agency (BC Cancer Agency)
Burnet Institute
1
Justice Health Field
Cabrini Health Australia
2
Musculoskeletal Group
Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH)
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Canadian Cancer Action Network
1
Steering Group Consumer Network Representative (Liz Whamond)
Cardiff University
1
Consumers and Communication Group
Support Unit for Research Evidence (Cardiff) (SURE)
3
Public Health Group; Information Retrieval Methods Group
Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
11
US Cochrane Centre; Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group
      Department of Epidemiology (Johns Hopkins)
Center for Clinical Trials (Johns Hopkins)
1
Comparing Multiple Interventions Methods Group
University of South Florida (USF)
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Centre and Research Institute
2
Haematological Malignancies Group; Prognosis Methods Group
Center for Evidence Based Medicine and Health Outcomes Research (University of South Florida)
1
Haematological Malignancies Group
University of Edinburgh
2
Consumers and Communication Group; Prognosis Methods Group
   College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine (Edinburgh)
Division of Clinical Neurosciences (Edinburgh)
1
Stroke Group
Center for Population Health Sciences (Edinburgh) (CHS)
4
Peripheral Vascular Diseases Group
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
1
Infectious Diseases Group
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Centre d'Epidémiolgie Clinique Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu
1
French Cochrane Centre
University of Ottawa
Institute of Population Health (University of Ottawa)
14
Steering Group Centre Staff Representative (Mary Ellen Schaafsma); Steering Group Colloquium Policy Advisory Committee Co-Convenor (Jordi Pardo Pardo); Canadian Cochrane Centre; Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group; Musculoskeletal Group; Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group
University of Ottawa Heart Institute (UOHI)
1
Musculoskeletal Group
   Faculty of Social Sciences (University of Ottawa)
School of Psychology (University of Ottawa)
1
Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group
Centre for Global Health (Ottawa)
1
Information Retrieval Methods Group
La Trobe University
Faculty of Health Sciences (La Trobe University)
1
Musculoskeletal Group
   Australian Institute for Primary Care & Ageing (La Trobe University)
Centre for Health Communication and Participation (La Trobe University)
7
Steering Group Co-ordinating Editor Representative / Funding Arbiter (Sophie Hill); Consumers and Communication Group
University of York
Hull York Medical School
1
Neonatal Group
Department of Health Sciences (York)
5
Wounds Group; Adverse Effects Methods Group
Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (York)
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Centre for Health Economics (York)
2
Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group; Information Retrieval Methods Group
Centre for Statistics in Medicine (CSM)
1
Statistical Methods Group
University of Nottingham
6
Schizophrenia Group
Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology
8
Skin Group
Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires
Centro de Investigaciones Epidemiológicas (Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Centro Rosarino de Estudios Perinatales (CREP)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Centro Studi GISED
1
Skin Group
Chiang Mai University
1
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Children's Hospital at Westmead
2
Steering Group TSC Representative (Gail Higgins); Renal Group
Christian Medical College, Vellore
2
South Asian Cochrane Centre; Cochrane Schizophrenia Group
Churchill Hospital
4
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
University of Dundee
Clinical Practice and Placement Support Unit (University of Dundee)
1
Oral Health Group
University of Oxford
2
Renal Group; Prognosis Methods Group
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine (Oxford)
3
Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group
Pain Research Unit (Oxford)
2
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Department of Primary Health Care (Oxford)
1
Tobacco Addiction Group
   Medical Sciences Division (Oxford)
Department of Clinical Pharmacology (Oxford)
1
Adverse Effects Methods Group
Clinical Trials Services Unit (Oxford)
1
Haematological Malignancies Group
Copenhagen University Hospital - Rigshospitalet
13
Nordic Cochrane Centre; Anaesthesia Group; Haematological Malignancies Group; Hepato-Biliary Group
Coronel Institute of Occupational Health
2
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Dalhousie University
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Danube University Krems
3
Austrian Branch of the German Cochrane Centre
Delft University of Technology - Technische Universiteit Delft (TU Delft)
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
University of Liverpool
Department of Women's and Children's Health (Liverpool)
4
Steering Group ME Representative (Sonja Henderson); Pregnancy and Childbirth Group
Institute of Child Health (University of Liverpool)
4
Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group
Neurosciences Research Unit (University of Liverpool)
7
Epilepsy Group
Division of Surgery and Oncology (University of Liverpool)
1
Hepato-Biliary Group
Faculty of Medicine (University of Liverpool)
1
Infectious Diseases Group
Department of Biostatistics (Liverpool)
1
Infectious Diseases Group
Manipal University
Department of Biostatistics (Manipal University)
1
South Asian Cochrane Centre; Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group
University of Copenhagen - K¯benhavns Universitet
Department of Biostatistics (University of Copenhagen)
1
Prognosis Methods Group
McMaster University
2
Canadian Cochrane Centre; Consumers and Communication Group
McMaster University Medical Center
3
Neonatal Group; Patient Reported Outcomes Methods Group
   Department of Medicine (McMaster)
Division of Gastroenterology (McMaster)
1
Upper Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Diseases Group
Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatsticis (McMaster)
1
Applicability and Recommendations Methods Group
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)
5
US Cochrane Centre; HIV/AIDS Group; Sexually Transmitted Diseases Group
   School of Pharmacy (UCSF)
Department of Clinical Pharmacy (UCSF)
1
Steering Group Panel Member (Lisa Bero)
George Mason University
Department of Criminology, Law and Society (George Mason)
4
Justice Health Field
Royal Children's Hospital (RCH)
2
Prognosis Methods Group; Child Health Field
Department of Developmental Medicine (Royal Children's Hospital)
1
Steering Group Field Representative (Katrina Williams)
ASL RME
Department of Epidemiology (ASL RME)
3
Drugs and Alcohol Group
Maastricht University
Department of Epidemiology (Maastricht University)
2
Musculoskeletal Group; Rehabilitation and Related Therapies Field
University of Auckland
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (University of Auckland)
10
Steering Group Panel Member (Cindy Farquhar); New Zealand Branch of the Australasian Cochrane Centre; Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care (University of Auckland)
1
Primary Health Care Field
University of Washington
School of Public Health (University of Washington)
1
Infectious Diseases Group
Department of Health Services (University of Washington)
1
Patient Reported Outcomes Methods Group
University of Ioannina
   School of Medicine (University of Ioannina)
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology (Ioannina)
2
Comparing Multiple Interventions Methods Group; Prognosis Methods Group
Mayo Clinic
Department of Neurology (Mayo Clinic)
1
Multiple Sclerosis Group
University of Calabar
University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH)
1
Renal Group
Department of Paediatrics (University of Calabar)
2
Nigerian Branch of the South African Cochrane Centre; Infectious Diseases Group
Aga Khan University
   Aga Khan University Hospitals (AKUH)
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health (Aga Khan University Hospital)
2
South Asian Cochrane Network & Centre Steering Group
University of Vermont (UVM)
1
Steering Group Co-ordinating Editor Representative (Roger Soll); Neonatal Group
   College of Medicine (University of Vermont)
Department of Psychiatry (University of Vermont)
1
Tobacco Addiction Group
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
3
Injuries Group; Adverse Effects Methods Group; Prognosis Methods Group
International Centre for Eye Health
9
Eyes and Vision Group; Heart Group
   Faculty of Public Health & Policy (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)
Department of Social and Environmental Health Research (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)
1
Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group
Dept of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Minneapolis)
1
Prostatic Diseases and Urologic Cancers Group
Saint George's University of London
Division of Population Health Sciences and Education (St. George's University of London)
5
Airways Group
Drug Safety Research Unit (DSRU)
1
Adverse Effects Methods Group
Duke University
Duke University Medical Center
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Duke Clinical Research Unit (DCRU)
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Dutch Institute for Healthcare Improvement CBO
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Dutch Trade Union Federation (FNV)
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Erasmus Medical Center
1
Steering Group Review Group Representative / Monitoring and Reigstration Committee Co-Convenor (Johannes van der Wouden)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Universidade de Lisboa
Faculdade de Medicina (Universidade de Lisboa)
2
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre; Movement Disorders Group
Universidad Central de Venezuela
Facultad de Medicina (Universidad Central de Venezuela)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Bond University
Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine (Bond University)
5
Acute Respiratory Infections Group; Prognosis Methods Group
McGill University
Faculty of Medicine (McGill University)
1
Infectious Diseases Group
University of Calgary
1
Hepato-Biliary Group
Faculty of Medicine (University of Calgary)
1
Vaccines Field
University of Kelaniya
Faculty of Medicine (University of Kelaniya)
1
South Asian Cochrane Network & Centre Steering Group
University of Alberta
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry (University of Alberta)
3
Adverse Effects Methods Group; Child Health Field
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH)
8
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Finnish Office for Health Technology Assessment (FINOHTA)
4
Finnish Branch of the Nordic Cochrane Centre
Florida Atlantic University
1
Justice Health Field
Fondo Nacional de Recursos
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Foundation of the Carlo Besta Neurological Institute, IRCCS
1
Multiple Sclerosis Group
Frederiksberg Hospital
1
Musculoskeletal Group
Fundación Oxalajuj N'oj
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Fundación Panameña de Cooperación Técnica para Proyectos Sociales (FUPACOTEPS)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Fundación Universitaria Sanitas
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
George Institute
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Ghent University
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital
Grantley Stable Neonatal Unit (Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital)
1
Monitoring and Registration Committee Co-Convenor (Karen New)
Great Western Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
1
Skin Group
University of Bergen
Haukeland University Hospital
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Health and Life Sciences University
1
Prognosis Methods Group
University College London
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
University College London Medical School
1
Hepato-Biliary Group
   Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (University College London)
Health Behaviour Research Centre (University College London)
1
Tobacco Addiction Group
University of Aberdeen
6
Incontinence Group
Health Economics Research Unit (Aberdeen)
1
Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group
University of Utah
Health Sciences (University of Utah)
2
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group; Prognosis Methods Group
Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf
5
Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau
15
Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre; Lung Cancer Group
Hospital for Sick Children
1
Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group
Hospital Plató
2
Skin Group
Imperial College London
2
Consumers and Communication Group; Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB)
1
South Asian Cochrane Centre
Institut universitaire de médecine sociale et préventive Lausanne (IUMSP)
3
Swiss Branch of the French Cochrane Centre
Tufts University
Tufts University School of Medicine
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
      Tufts Medical Center
Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies (ICRHPS)
1
Comparing Multiple Interventions Methods Group
Lancaster University
Institute for Health Research (Lancaster University)
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG)
1
Adverse Effects Methods Group
Institute for Work and Health - Canada (IWH)
18
Back Group; Prognosis Methods Group
Queens University Belfast
Institute of Child Care Research (Queen's University Belfast)
4
Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group
University of London
   Queen Mary and Westfield College (QMW)
School of Medicine and Dentistry (Queen Mary)
1
Adverse Effects Methods Group
Institute of Education (University of London)
2
Consumers and Communication Group
Newcastle University
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Institute of Health and Society (Newcastle University) (IHS)
2
Infectious Diseases Group; Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group
King's College, London
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Institute of Psychiatry - King's College London
2
Drugs and Alcohol Group; Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group
University of Bern
Institute of Social & Preventive Medicine (University of Bern) (ISPM)
4
Haematological Malignancies Group; Musculoskeletal Group
Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria (IECS)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Instituto di Fisiologia Clinica, CNR
1
Multiple Sclerosis Group
Instituto Nacional de Pediatría (Torre de Investigación)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
International Health Central American Institute (IHCAI)
International Health Central American Institute - El Salvador (IHCAI)
2
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre; Developing Countries Field
International Health Central American Institute - Costa Rica (IHCAI)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM)
International Health Group (Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine)
5
Infectious Diseases Group
Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI)
1
Nursing Care Field
John Radcliffe Hospital
3
Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group; Multiple Sclerosis Group
Johnson and Johnson
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, LLC
1
Prospective Meta-Analysis Methods Group
Kalasin Hospital
1
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Karolinska Institutet
1
Multiple Sclerosis Group
Khon Kaen Hospital
1
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Khon Kaen University
5
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Kleijnen Systematic Reviews
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Khyber Medical University Peshawar
Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar
1
South Asian Cochrane Centre
Lampoon Hospital
1
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Leeds Partnerships NHS Foundation Trust
1
Schizophrenia Group
Leiden University
Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC)
2
Fertility Regulation Group
Long Island College Hospital
1
Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group
Ludwig Maximilians University (University of Munich)
1
Schizophrenia Group
Luton and Dunstable Hospital
1
Infectious Diseases Group
Makerere University
Makerere University Medical School
1
Infectious Diseases Group
Manitoba Institute of Child Health (MICH)
1
Child Health Field
Mario Negri Institute
1
Steering Group Panel Member (Alessandro Liberati)
Mater Mothers' Research Centre
2
Pregnancy and Childbirth Group
Matrix Knowledge Group
1
Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group
MDK Nordhein
1
Haematological Malignancies Group
Medical Research Council (MRC)
Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit (MRC BSU)
15
Steering Group Methods Group Representative (Julian Higgins); Italian Cochrane Centre; Comparing Multiple Interventions Methods Group
Medical Research Council (UK), The Gambia
1
Infectious Diseases Group
Medical Research Council of South Africa (MRC-SA)
3
HIV/AIDS Group; Sexually Transmitted Diseases Group
Melbourne University
1
Multiple Sclerosis Group
Melbourne School of Population Health
1
Public Health Group
University of Tasmania
Menzies Research Institute
1
Musculoskeletal Group
Ministry of Public Health (Cuba)
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Ministry of Public Health (Thailand)
1
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Monash University
2
Steering Group Centre Director Representative / Colloquim Policy Advisory Committee Convenor (Steve McDonald)
MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Disease
1
Neuromuscular Disease Group
British Medical Research Council (MRC)
MRC Clinical Trials Unit
1
Individual Participant Data Meta-analysis Methods Group
National Institute for Clinical Excellence - UK (NICE)
1
Skin Group
National Institute for Health Research
12
UK Cochrane Centre
National School of Public Health (Brazil) (ENSP)
1
Schizophrenia Group
University of Sydney
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Sydney School of Public Health (University of Sydney)
2
Steering Group Co-Chair / Operations and Finance Committee Convenor (Jonathan Craig); Breast Cancer Group; Renal Group
Sydney Medical School
1
Renal Group
NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre (University of Sydney)
5
Prospective Meta-Analysis Methods Group
Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC)
11
Norwegian branch of the Nordic Cochrane Centre
University of East Anglia
School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice (University of East Anglia)
3
Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group; Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group
Norwich Medical School (University of East Anglia)
2
Adverse Effects Methods Group
Ottawa Health Research Institute (OHRI)
2
Steering Group Co-Chair / Information Services Strategy Committee Convenor / Canadian Cochrane Centre Director (Jeremy Grimshaw); Bias Methods Group
Oxford Brookes University
1
Drugs and Alcohol Group
Pacific University
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
London School of Economics (LSE)
   LSE Health and Social Care
Personal Social Services Research Unit (London School of Economics) (PSSRU)
1
Campbell and Cochrane Economics Methods Group
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh
2
Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group; Renal Group
University of Birmingham
1
Haematological Malignancies Group
School of Mathematics (University of Birmingham)
1
Prognosis Methods Group
   School of Health and Population Sciences (Birmingham) (HaPS)
Primary Care Clinical Services (U of Birmingham) (PCCS)
1
Tobacco Addiction Group
Prince of Songkla University
1
Thai Cochrane Network of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Princess Alexandra Hospital
1
Renal Group
Princess Margaret Hospital
1
Haematological Malignancies Group
Rabin Medical Center
2
Haematological Malignancies Group; Infectious Diseases Group
Radboud University Nijmegen
1
Primary Health Care Field
University of Western Ontario
1
Multiple Sclerosis Group
Robarts Research Institute
1
Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Functional Bowel Disorders Group
University of Warwick
Royal College of Nursing Research Institute
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Royal Maternity Hospital
1
Neonatal Group
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
1
Neonatal Group
Royal United Hospital
4
Gynaecological Cancer Group
Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital
1
Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group
Royal Women's Hospital
1
Neonatal Group
University of Manchester
School of Translational Medicine (University of Manchester)
3
Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group
School of Dentistry (University of Manchester)
5
Oral Health Group
Universidade de Sao Paolo (USP)
School of Medicine (Sao Paulo)
1
Haematological Malignancies Group
University of Split
School of Medicine (University of Split)
1
Croatian Branch of the Italian Cochrane Centre
Trinity College Dublin
School of Nursing and Midwifery (Trinity College Dublin)
1
Methodology Review Group
University of Saskatchewan
School of Physical Therapy (University of Saskatchewan)
1
Musculoskeletal Group
University of Queensland, Australia
School of Population Health (University of Queensland)
1
Justice Health Field
Chinese University of Hong Kong
School of Public Health and Primary Care - Chinese University of Hong Kong
1
Hong Kong Branch of the Chinese Cochrane Centre
Servizio Regionale di Riferimento per L'Epidemiologia, SSEpi- SeREMI
7
Multiple Sclerosis Group; Vaccines Field
Sheffield Hallam University
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Singapore Clinical Research Institute (SCRI)
10
Singapore Branch of the Australasian Cochrane Centre
Sociedad Científica del Paraguay
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC)
7
South African Cochrane Centre
St. Andrew's Hospital (Northampton)
1
Schizophrenia Group
St. Mark's Hospital (Harrow, England)
1
Incontinence Group
Stanford University
Stanford University School of Medicine
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
Stellenbosch University
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Sydney West Area Health Service (SWAHS)
2
Prognosis Methods Group
Teesside University
2
Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group
The Nerve Centre, Chennai
2
South Asian Cochrane Network & Centre Steering Group; Cochrane Epilepsy Group
Tongji University
1
Schizophrenia Group
World Health Organization
UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Program on Research & Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR)
1
Infectious Diseases Group
Unidad de Cirugia Cardiovascular de Guatemala
1
Steering Group Panel Member (Joaquin Barnoya)
Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Universidad de La Frontera (UFRO)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Universidad Mayor de San Andrés (UMSA)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH)
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial
1
Andean Branch of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre
Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Teaching Hospital (UNIFESP)
17
Brazilian Cochrane Centre; Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group
Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht (UMC Utrecht)
2
Prognosis Methods Group
Universitat Pompeu Fabra
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
Universit‡ degli Studi di Torino - University of Torino
1
Vaccines Field
UniversitÈ Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro
1
Drugs and Alcohol Group
Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
2
Multiple Sclerosis Group; Prognosis Methods Group
Université Paris Descartes
2
French Cochrane Centre (Pierre Durieux, Scientific Director); Prognosis Methods Group
University of Cologne
University Hospital Cologne
8
Haematological Malignancies Group
University Hospital Freiburg
1
German Cochrane Centre
University Hospitals Bristol NHS
1
Prognosis Methods Group
University of British Columbia
11
Hypertension Group
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
1
Drugs and Alcohol Group
University of Central Florida (UCF)
1
Prognosis Methods Group
University of Ferrara
1
Musculoskeletal Group
University of Glasgow
1
Health Care of Older People Field
University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC)
1
Schizophrenia Group
University of Leeds
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
University of Maryland
University of Maryland School of Medicine
1
Complementary Medicine Field
University of Milan
1
Hepato-Biliary Group
University of Minnesota
University of Minnesota Medical School
1
Renal Group
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
1
Occupational Safety and Health Group
University of New South Wales (UNSW)
1
Skin Group
University of Otago
5
Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group; Incontinence Group; Renal Group
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
1
Musculoskeletal Group
University of the West of England (UWE)
1
Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
VicHealth
3
Public Health Group
VU University Medical Center
1
Prognosis Methods Group
Sichuan University
West China Hospital, Sichuan University
1
Steering Group Consumer Network Representative (Mingming Zhang); Chinese Cochrane Centre
Yale University
Yale School of Medicine
1
Neonatal Group
 
TOTAL PARTICIPANTS:
28000
 

Notes on Participants/Organizations:
All participants (except administrative staff at Regional Centers) contribute reviews and time voluntarily--still trying to negotiate academic credit for reviews that appear solely in Cochrane's databases. Numerous other participants than those listed her

   
     
 
 

Communications Technology Used :

  The Cochrane Library displays and stores comments and criticisms submitted in response to systematic reviews. These comments are moderated and must conform with published house rules.

Conference telephone calls are frequent; groups have applied for (ouside) grant money to subsidize cost. Some teleconferencing with NetMeeting happens. Webcams are used more frequently by the Eyes & Vision group.
Several moderated email lists are utilized by participants at every level of participation.
Electronic, language/region or topic specific newsletters are also available at the web site.

 
 

Technical Capabilities :

   
  Key Articles :  

Dickersin, K.; Eric Manheimer, Susan Wieland, Karen A. Rovinson, Carol LeFebvre, Steve McDonald (2002). Development of the Cochrane Collaboration's Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials Evaluation & The Health Professions, 25, 39-63.

 
 

Project-reported performance data :

  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews contains the full text of more than 1700 complete Cochrane reviews; 1300 protocols for reviews are in progress.
Hundreds of newly completed reviews and protocols are added each year.
several hundred existing reviews are updated so substantively that they can be considered to be the equivalent of new reviews.
The electronic publishing system for the Cochrane Library has just recently moved from a home-grown system to a partnership with John Wiley & Sons. One of the perceived benefits of this partnership will be access to system wide usage statistics. Currently, the entry page of the Cochrane Library at the National Electronic Library of Health in the UK received more than 50,000 hits per month by the middle of 2003.
 
 
         
    
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