Science of Collaboratories logo - link
 
 
 
An alliance to advance the understanding of collaboratories
Science of Collaboratories
   
   

Return to the list of Collaboratory Projects

 
   
 

Name of Collaboratory :

 

arXiv.org

 
 

URL :

  http://arxiv.org/  
 

Collaboratory Status :

 
Operational   Start Date : 1991 End Date : Info Last Updated : Tue, Dec 7 2010 6:01pm PST
 
 

Primary Collaboratory Function :

  Community Data Systems  
 

Secondary Collaboratory Functions :

   
 

Domain(s) :

  Computer Science, Mathematics, Nonlinear Sciences, Physics, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance, Statistics  
 

Brief Description of the Collaboratory :

 

Started in August 1991, arXiv.org (formerly xxx.lanl.gov) is internationally acknowledged as a pioneering and successful digital archive and open-access distribution service for research articles. The e-print repository has transformed the scholarly communication infrastructure of multiple fields of physics and plays an increasingly prominent role in a unified set of global resources for physics, mathematics, computer science, and related disciplines. It is very firmly embedded in the research workflows of these subject domains and has changed the way in which material is shared, making science more democratic and allowing for the rapid dissemination of scientific findings.

arXiv is an international initiative and has mirror sites in 13 countries and collaborations with U.S. and foreign professional societies and other international organizations. It has provided a crucial life-line for isolated researchers in developing countries. Most scientists and researchers who post content on arXiv also submit their work for publication in traditional peer-reviewed journals. However, famously reclusive Russian mathematician Grigori Perelman's 2003 decision to post his proof of the 100-year-old Poincaré Conjecture solely in arXiv underscores the repository's importance and its role in transforming scholarly communication.

Since its inception in 1991 with a focus on the high energy physics community, arXiv has significantly expanded both its subject coverage and user base. It moved to Cornell with its founder, physicist Paul Ginsparg, when he returned as a faculty member in 2001, and is now a collaboration between the Cornell University Library and Cornell's Computing and Information Science Program. The library is responsible for arXiv's operation and maintenance, while research around the repository is performed in conjunction with the Information Science program.

arXiv is a primary exemplar of an effective scholarly repository and is often cited to illustrate digital repositories' potential role in transforming scholarly communication, broadening access, and allowing for the rapid dissemination of scientific findings. Cultural practices within high energy physics such as the long-standing reliance on pre-prints likely influenced the initial rapid appropriation of arXiv within that community, but arXiv has since been adopted by many other communities with different practices. Through Paul Ginsparg's leadership the service has consistently focused on the disciplinary cultures represented in the digital repository and the needs of the user communities. Although arXiv is not peer-reviewed, the submissions are screened by subject-specific moderators to ensure content is relevant to current research in the specified disciplines (see arXiv's primer and moderation guidelines). Additionally, an endorsement system uses community feedback to pre-screen new submitters. arXiv has facilities to harvest, record and display references and links to formally published versions of articles based on the deposited e-prints, thus providing an overt link to peer review. arXiv currently numbers over 580,000 e-prints. In calendar year 2009, arXiv accepted 64,047 new submissions and served over 30 million full-text downloads.

 
 

Access to Instruments :

   
 

Access to Information Resources :

  All arXiv articles are freely accessible via the Internet. The standard access route is through the arXiv.org website or one of several mirrors. Several other interfaces and access routes have also been created by other un-associated organisations. These include the University of California, Davis's front, a web portal that offers additional search functions and a more self-explanatory interface for arXiv.org, and is referred to by some mathematicians as (the) Front.[10] A similar function is offered by eprintweb.org, launched in September 2006 by the Institute of Physics. Google Scholar and Windows Live Academic can also be used to search for items in arXiv.[11] Finally, researchers can select sub-fields and receive daily e-mailings or RSS feeds of all submissions in them.  
 

Access to People as Resources :

   
 

Funding Agency or Sponsor :

 
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Australian National University (ANU)
Boston College
Boston University
Brookhaven National Laboratory
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)
CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research
Chalmers University of Technology
Columbia University
Cornell University
Cornell University Library
Denmark's Electronic Research Library (DEFF)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Department of Physics (MIT)
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg (DESY)
Duke University
Eidgenˆssische Technische Hochschule Z¸rich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Z¸rich)
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)
George Washington University
Leibniz Universität Hannover
German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB)
Harvard University
Helmholtz Association
Hiroshima University
Indiana University
Institute for Advanced Study
Institute of Mathematical Sciences
JISC
JISC Collections
Johns Hopkins University
Kansas State University
Kyoto University
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)
Macquarie University
Melbourne University
Michigan State University
Nagoya University
National Library of Australia
National Science Digital Library (NSDL)
New York University (NYU)
Northwestern University
Ohio State University
Oregon State University
Osaka University
Pennsylvania State University (Penn)
Princeton University
Purdue University
Rice University
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Stanford University
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Temple University
Temple University Libraries
Texas A&M University
Tohoku University
Tokyo Institute of Technology
University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Davis (UCDavis)
University of California, Irvine
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
University of California, Merced (UC Merced)
University of California, Riverside
University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
University of California, Santa Barbara
University of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz)
University of Chicago (UChicago)
University of Colorado System
University of Colorado at Boulder
University of Florida
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)
University of Iowa
University of Maryland
University of Massachusetts System (UMASS)
University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst)
University of Michigan
University of Minnesota
University of Oregon
University of Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
University of Queensland, Australia
University of Rochester
University of Tokyo
University of Toronto
University of Tsukuba
University of Utah
University of Vienna
University of Washington
University of Waterloo
University of Wisconsin
Utah State University
Villanova University
Waseda University
Washington State University
Washington University in St. Louis
Yale University
Yale School of Medicine
 
 
 

Notes on Funding Agencies/Sponsors:
Cornell University Library hosts arXiv.org and also funds part of the operating budget. Cornell University Library will continue to provide a sizeable portion of the costs to operate arXiv, but that amount will diminish incrementally over the next four years. In 2010, Cornell University Library will subvent up to 75% of total annual costs; in 2011, the amount will decline to 50%; in 2012 to 25%; and thereafter remain steady at 15% of the operating budget.

They seek direct support from the heaviest institutional users of arXiv. Their tier-based support structure is based on the previous calendar year's download activity and will be applied equally to academic institutions, research centers, government labs, and other organizations. For consortia willing to promote and capture support for arXiv, they offer a 10% discount for new supporting institutions and a 5% discount on renewals. No institutional site license is required.

A 3-tiered institutional support model has been implemented with a top-end rate of $4,000 per year, and a low-end rate of $2,300 per year. They seek support from institutions representing the most active users of arXiv (top 200 heaviest user institutions), in both the United States and other countries.

The funding agencies listed above are those that have already provided support for the calendar year 2011. More are expected to follow.

 
 
 
Organizations with Funded Participants:
 
Organization name:
Approx # of participants:
Description of organization's role(s):
Cornell University
   Cornell University Library
Hosts arXiv.org and the operating staff.
 
Organizations Otherwise Associated:
 
Organization name:
Approx # of participants:
Description of organization's role(s):
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Australian National University (ANU)
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Boston College
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
Boston University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter
Brookhaven National Laboratory
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Chalmers University of Technology
2011 Tier 2 Supporter
Columbia University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Denmark's Electronic Research Library (DEFF)
2011 Tier 3 Supporter
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
   Department of Physics (MIT)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg (DESY)
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Duke University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Eidgenˆssische Technische Hochschule Z¸rich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Z¸rich)
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
George Washington University
2011 Tier 3 Supporter
Leibniz Universität Hannover
   German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB)
2011 Tiers 1, 2, & 3 Supporter; 2010 Tiers 1, 2, & 3 Supporter
Harvard University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Helmholtz Association
2011 Tiers 1 & 2 Supporter; 2010 Tiers 1, 2, & 3 Supporter
Hiroshima University
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Indiana University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter ; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Institute for Advanced Study
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Institute of Mathematical Sciences
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
JISC
   JISC Collections
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tiers 1 & 2 Supporter
Johns Hopkins University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Kansas State University
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
Kyoto University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Macquarie University
2010 Tier 3 Supporter
Melbourne University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Michigan State University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter
Nagoya University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
National Library of Australia
2011 Tier 2 Supporter
National Science Digital Library (NSDL)
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
New York University (NYU)
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Northwestern University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Ohio State University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Oregon State University
2011 Tier 3 Supporter
Osaka University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Pennsylvania State University (Penn)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Princeton University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Purdue University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Rice University
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Stanford University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Temple University
   Temple University Libraries
2011 Tier 3 Supporter
Texas A&M University
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Tohoku University
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Tokyo Institute of Technology
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
University of California, Berkeley
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of California, Davis (UCDavis)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of California, Irvine
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of California, Merced (UC Merced)
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
University of California, Riverside
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of California, Santa Barbara
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz)
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
University of Chicago (UChicago)
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Colorado System
2011 Tier 1 Supporter
   University of Colorado at Boulder
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Florida
2011 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Iowa
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
University of Maryland
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Massachusetts System (UMASS)
   University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst)
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Michigan
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Minnesota
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Oregon
2010 Tier 3 Supporter
University of Pennsylvania
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Pittsburgh
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Queensland, Australia
2011 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Rochester
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
University of Tokyo
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Toronto
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Tsukuba
2010 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Utah
2011 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Vienna
2011 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Washington
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
University of Waterloo
2011 Tier 1 Supporter; 2010 Tier 1 Supporter
University of Wisconsin
2010 Tier 1 Supporter
Utah State University
2010 Tier 3 Supporter
Villanova University
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
Waseda University
2011 Tier 2 Supporter; 2010 Tier 2 Supporter
Washington State University
2011 Tier 3 Supporter; 2010 Tier 3 Supporter
Washington University in St. Louis
2010 Tier 3 Supporter
Yale University
   Yale School of Medicine
2011 Tier 1 Supporter
 
TOTAL PARTICIPANTS:
 

Notes on Participants/Organizations:
In calendar year 2009, arXiv accepted 64,047 new submissions and served over 30 million full-text downloads

arXiv.org also has a Sustainability Advisory Group of 11 members, which includes representatives from institutions served by arXiv and provides a consultative role in developing diverse sustainability strategies for this critical international resource. The group also seeks input from the arXiv Scientific Advisory Board. They meet in person yearly and have conference calls every few months.

The arXiv Scientific Advisory Board members (10 members) serve as consultants to Cornell University Library. All arXiv policy decisions are ultimately made by Cornell University Library.

The physics, mathematics, computer science (CoRR), quantitative biology, quantitative finance, and statistics archives each have subject advisory committees, which are overseen loosely by the scientific advisory board. The chairs of the physics, mathematics, computer science, and quantitative biology advisory committees serve as ex officio members of the arXiv scientific advisory board.

The arXiv Business Planning Team consists of Fiona Patrick, Oya Y. Rieger, David Ruddy, Simeon Warner from the Cornell University Library

   
     
 
 

Communications Technology Used :

  RSS News Feeds  
 

Technical Capabilities :

   
  Key Articles :    
 

Project-reported performance data :

  As of 2/17/11, arXiv.org provided open access to 658,655 e-prints. In calendar year 2009, arXiv accepted 64,047 new submissions and served over 30 million full-text downloads.  
 
         
    
  Home | About SOC | Workshops | Resources | News & Events  

University of California, Irvine Logo

University of California, Irvine

School of Information Logo

School of Information University of Michigan