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Name of Collaboratory :


Forging Restful Services for e-Humanities (FReSH)


URL :  

Collaboratory Status :

Operational   Start Date : 2009 End Date : 2009 Info Last Updated : Thu, Dec 2 2010 5:00pm PST

Primary Collaboratory Function :

  Community Data Systems  

Secondary Collaboratory Functions :

  Community Infrastructure Development  

Domain(s) :

  HUMANITIES >English and Literature >English Language  

Brief Description of the Collaboratory :


FReSH implemented an API that allows people to retrieve data from three archives: the Nineteenth Century Serial Editions, Great Ormond Street archive and a military archive to be confirmed soon. The JISC ENGAGE funded HiTHeR project, carried out at CeRch and the Centre for Computing in the Humanities at King's, developed an interface to primary textual resources by automatically generating a chain of content related documents for reading. Users upload textual collections and the service uses several textual analysis techniques to retrieve lists of reference documents in their collections together with similar documents. Users build chains of results to follow a story through an archive and then feed back to the service information on how similar the links are.

FReSH followed on from an analysis of how HiTHeR’s services can be best made available to the e-Humanities research community. FReSH added to the HiTHeR textual analysis agent an effective and light-weight integration into a wider digital ecosystem for research in e-Humanities. In this digital ecosystem, there are many independent web site solutions that describe, for example, the results of digitisation projects. These web site solutions are rarely interlinked and are often created as web site silos of digitised online collections. In the HiTHeR implementation, users are required to collect the results of the document similarity calculations from a text file and manually integrate them in their own web resource. This presents obstacles to the adoption of HiTHeR services as it often involves the redevelopment of their resources and requires experience with web development.

Using ReSTful web services, FReSH delivers advanced document similarity services to e-Humanities resources, without the need for reprogramming. FReSH aimed to define all services of HiTHeR as ReSTful services. It also exposed the results of the HiTHeR processing in a machine readable format so that they can easily be integrated in web development environments. For this integration several solutions were offered:
A complete representation of a HiTHeR service call output in XHTML;
ATOM as a representation understood without complications by many web applications;
A representation using the emerging RDFa standard, bringing together ATOM and XHTML representation.


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Notes on Funding Agencies/Sponsors:

Organizations with Funded Participants:
Organization name:
Approx # of participants:
Description of organization's role(s):
King's College, London
   Centre for e-Research (CeRch)
   Centre for Computing in the Humanities (CCH)

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