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Name of Collaboratory :

 

Biogeography of Chemosynthetic Ecosystems (ChEss)

 
 

URL :

  http://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/chess/  
 

Collaboratory Status :

 
Completed   Start Date : 2002 End Date : 2010 Info Last Updated : Fri, Dec 2 2011 7:01am PST
 
 

Primary Collaboratory Function :

  Community Data Systems  
 

Secondary Collaboratory Functions :

  Expert Consultation, Distributed Research Center  
 

Domain(s) :

  EARTH, ATMOSPHERIC, AND OCEAN SCIENCES >Oceanography >Oceanography  
 

Brief Description of the Collaboratory :

 

ChEss (Chemosynthetic Ecosystem Science) was a field project of the Census of Marine Life programme (CoML). The main aim of ChEss was to determine the biogeography of deep-water chemosynthetic ecosystems at a global scale and to understand the processes driving these ecosystems. ChEss addressed the main questions of CoML on diversity, abundance and distribution of marine species, focusing on deep-water reducing environments such as hydrothermal vents, cold seeps, whale falls, sunken wood and areas of low oxygen that intersect with continental margins and seamounts.

Main ChEss Science Questions

What are the species' relationships between different habitats: vents, seeps, whale falls, sunken wood and OMZs?

What is the role of deep-water circulation and geographical barriers in gene flow and biogeography?

What are the factors driving patterns of biodiversity in these habitats?

Objective 1. To create a centralised database (ChEssBase) of vent and seep species. ChEssBase is a web-based database that incorporates archived and newly-collected biological material. The database is geo- and bio-referenced. ChEssBase is available online and has been integrated with OBIS.

Objective 2. To develop a long-term field programme to locate potential vent and seep sites. The field programme aimed to explain the main gaps in our knowledge of the diversity, abundance and distribution of chemosynthetic speceis globally. A limited number of target areas were seleceted with specific scientific questions relevant to biogeographical issues.

ChEss also maintained a list of taxonomist experts as a tool for the research community working on deep-sea ecosystems to be able to easily identify individuals with expertise in particular field of taxonomy. The aim is to facilitate communication and promote collaborations between ecologists and taxonomists. The list is freely available on their Website.

Part of the Census of Marine Life collaboratory and the MarBOL collaboratory.

 
 

Access to Instruments :

   
 

Access to Information Resources :

  ChEssBase is a web-based database that incorporates archived and newly-collected biological material. The database is geo- and bio-referenced. ChEssBase is available online and has been integrated with OBIS.  
 

Access to People as Resources :

  The ChEss list of taxonomist experts is a tool for the research community working on deep-sea ecosystems to be able to easily identify individuals with expertise in particular field of taxonomy. The aim is to facilitate communication and promote collaborations between ecologists and taxonomists. The list is freely available on their Website.  
 

Funding Agency or Sponsor :

 
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
 
 
 

Notes on Funding Agencies/Sponsors:
The ChEss office was maintained by Sloan funding since 2002, based in NOCS, with sub- offices in ICM-CSIC (Barcelona, ES) and WHOI (USA). The PIs are fully funded by other sources while the Project Managers are funded by Sloan and Fondation Total. The database component is supported by Sloan funding trhough the ChEss grants. The outreach component is supported by Sloan and Fondation Total funding. The field programme is supported by a large number of national and international funding agencies.

 
 
 
Organizations with Funded Participants:
 
Organization name:
Approx # of participants:
Description of organization's role(s):
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
   Institute of Marine Sciences
1
ChEss Office
National Oceanography Center, Southampton (NOCS)
2
ChEss Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
1
ChEss Office
 
TOTAL PARTICIPANTS:
24
 

Notes on Participants/Organizations:

   
     
 
 

Communications Technology Used :

   
 

Technical Capabilities :

   
  Key Articles :    
 

Project-reported performance data :

   
 
         
    
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